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Arquivos em Odontologia

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0939


OLIVEIRA, Elina Tosta et al. Evaluation of the oral health of patients with cerebral palsy in the city of Uberaba, Brazil. Arq. Odontol. [online]. 2016, vol.52, n.2, pp. 88-93. ISSN 1516-0939.

Aim: This study sought to evaluate oral health conditions through oral clinical examinations and salivary and microbiological analyses associated with dental caries in patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP) submitted or not to gastrostomy in the city of Uberaba, MG, Brazil. Methods: This is an observational cross sectional study, conducted in a conventional sample of 48 patients, 2 to 16 years of age, at the UFTM Clinical Hospital and the Children's Hospital of Uberaba, divided into 3 groups, as follows: 16 patients without disabilities (Group WD), 15 patients with CP (Group CP), and 17 patients with CP submitted to gastrostomy and Nissen fundoplication (Group WCP). This study evaluated the caries index (CI), plaque index (PI), salivary counts of the Streptococcus mutans bacterium (CB), and salivary buffering capacity (SBC). Data from PI, CB, and SBC were statistically analyzed by Arq Odontol, Belo Horizonte, 52(2): 88-93, abr/jun 2016 93 Condição bucal de pacientes portadores de paralisia cerebral the One-Way ANOVA analysis (p<0.05), and PI data were submitted to the Tukey test (p<0.05). Results: A statistically significant difference was only observed among the groups as regards the PI analysis, given that the WCP group presented the highest values. Conclusion: It was concluded that the CP, with or without gastrostomy is not a facilitator or attenuating circumstance of caries, nor is it a determining factor of good or poor oral health.

Palavras-chave : Oral health.; Cerebral palsy.; Gastrostomy.; Fundoplication..

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