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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences

versão On-line ISSN 1677-3225


EL-ANWAR, Mohamed I. et al. A finite element study on the mechanical behavior of reciprocating endodontic files. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.1, pp. 52-59. ISSN 1677-3225.

Aim: To evaluate the mechanical behavior of reciprocating endodontic files, comparing nickeltitanium (NiTi) and stainless steel 316L (St.St. 316L) as manufacturing material for such instruments. Methods: A three-dimensional finite element model was designed for this study. The simplified instrument model geometry was created on commercial CAD/CAM software. Real strain stress curves of St.St. 316L and NiTi were used in the analysis. Non-linear static analysis was performed to simulate the instrument inside root canal at an angle of 45° in the apical portion, and subjected to torsion of 0.3 Results: Non-linear NiTi material showed super elasticity and high functionality in such applications. Very high levels of stress appeared in the file at 3 mm from the tip close to yield point. Conclusions: St. St. 316L is not suitable for manufacturing reciprocating instruments. Modeling of the instrument with equivalent circular cross-sectional area did not affect results quality. Reciprocating instruments have short lifespan, thus manufacturers recommend using one file per tooth. Reciprocating instruments are recommended for less experienced dentist.

Palavras-chave : endodontics; stainless steel; nickel; titanium..

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