SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.15 issue2 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences

On-line version ISSN 1677-3225


CHRISTOVAM, Edmar Ricardo Pozzobon et al. Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder and patients' satisfaction before and after orthognathic surgery. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.2, pp. 137-143. ISSN 1677-3225.

Aim: To evaluate signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder and satisfaction in patients before and after orthognathic surgery. Methods: The sample consisted of 15 patients aged between 19 and 47 years old, indicated for orthodontic-surgical treatment. All patients answered an anamnesis questionnaire based on Helkimo Anamnestic Index to evaluate subjective symptoms and underwent a clinical evaluation based on Helkimo Disfunction Index, applied at three time points: before (T0), three (T1) and six months (T2) after surgery. Statistical models used were χ2 test (Chi-square), Tukey test, confidence interval and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: Statistical analysis revealed no significant difference in the incidence of joint sounds, maximum mouth opening, deviation of mouth opening and pain in the TMJ region (p>0.05). No patient presented worsening of the symptomatology. As regards muscular pain, there was a statistically significant improvement with time (p<0.05) and 86.7% of patients reported that they were satisfied with the obtained results. Conclusion: Improvement of TMD after orthognathic surgery may not be the result of correcting malocclusion and satisfaction with the results can be a factor of TMD improvement.

Keywords : Orthodontics.; Temporomandibular Joint.; Malocclusion.; Self-concept..

        · text in English     · pdf in English